Keyword: Information

Dictionary Entry | Posted 06/03/2018
Quote from "Division III. Substantial Study of Logic. Chapter VI. The Essence of Reasoning"

…I use the word information to mean a state of knowledge, which may range from total ignorance of everything except the meanings of words up to omniscience...

Article in Journal | Posted 05/01/2018
Vitti-Rodrigues, Mariana, Emmeche, Claus (2017). Abduction: Can Non-human Animals Make Discoveries?
The aim of this paper is to investigate the relationship between information and abductive reasoning in the context of problem-solving, focusing on non-human animals. Two questions guide our...
Dictionary Entry | Posted 22/08/2017
Quote from "The Rationale of Reasoning"

…I call any acquisition of knowledge “information,” which has logically required any other experience than experience of the meanings of words.

Manuscript | Posted 22/08/2017
Peirce, Charles S. (1910.11). The Rationale of Reasoning. MS [R] 664

Robin Catalogue:
A. MS., n.p., November 22-30, 1910, pp. 1-21, with 7 pp. of variants.
Problems of terminology. Definitions of “breadth” and “depth,” both of which presuppose...

Dictionary Entry | Posted 10/08/2017
Quote from "Definitions for Baldwin's Dictionary [R]"

Information [L. informatio, a sketch, imperfect knowledge.]
The total of all the propositions, accepted in a given state of knowledge, which involve a given...

Article in Edited Collection | Posted 18/01/2016
De Tienne, André (1989). Peirce's Early Semiotic Analysis of Representation. In: Semiotics 1988
Dictionary Entry | Posted 12/11/2015
Quote from "New Elements (Kaina stoiceia)"

Besides the logical depth and breadth, I have proposed (in 1867) the terms information and area to denote the total of fact (true or false) that in a...

Article in Journal | Posted 06/10/2015
Bellucci, Francesco (2015). Neat, Swine, Sheep, and Deer: Mill and Peirce on Natural Kinds
In the earliest phase of his logical investigations (1865–1870), Peirce adopts Mill's doctrine of real Kinds as discussed in the System of Logic and adapts it to the logical conceptions he was...
Dictionary Entry | Posted 07/01/2015
Quote from "Lowell Lectures on The Logic of Science; or Induction and Hypothesis: Lecture IX"

The reason why

Extension X Comprehension = Information

is that Extension and Comprehension can only be reckoned by the interpretants, each interpretant...

Dictionary Entry | Posted 07/01/2015
Quote from "Harvard Lectures on the Logic of Science. Lecture X: Grounds of Induction"

comprehension X extension = information

Dictionary Entry | Posted 07/01/2015
Quote from "Harvard Lectures on the Logic of Science. Lecture XI"

Connotation X Denotation = Information

Dictionary Entry | Posted 07/01/2015
Quote from "Nomenclature and Divisions of Dyadic Relations"

…the dyadic relations of logical breadth and depth, often called denotation and connotation, have played a great part in logical discussions, but these take their origin in the...

Dictionary Entry | Posted 07/01/2015
Quote from "On a New List of Categories"

…there is, first, the direct reference of a symbol to its objects, or its denotation; second, the reference of the symbol to its ground, through its object, that is, its reference to the common...

Dictionary Entry | Posted 07/01/2015
Quote from "Upon Logical Comprehension and Extension"

A symbol, in its reference to its object, has a triple reference:–

1st, Its direct reference to its object, or the real things which it represents;

2nd, Its reference to its ground...

Dictionary Entry | Posted 07/01/2015
Quote from "Lowell Lectures of 1903. Lecture III. 2nd Draught"

Now if you inform me of any truth, and I know it already, there is no information. If it is something that I shall never have any further reason to believe, you are speaking of a universe with...

Manuscript | Posted 07/01/2015
Peirce, Charles S. (1903). Lowell Lectures of 1903. Lecture III. 2nd Draught. MS [R] 463

Robin Catalogue:
A. MS., notebook, n.p., 1903, pp. 11-17 (pp. 1-9 are mathematical notes and have nothing to do with the lecture).
On multitude and collection.

Article in Journal | Posted 29/11/2014
Herrmann-Pillath, Carsten, Salthe, Stanley N. (2011). Triadic conceptual structure of the maximum entropy approach to evolution
Many problems in evolutionary theory are cast in dyadic terms, such as the polar oppositions of organism and environment. We argue that a triadic conceptual structure offers an alternative...
Article in Journal | Posted 23/11/2014
Rohr, David (2014). A Theory of Life as Information-Based Interpretation of Selecting Environments
This essay employs Charles Peirce’s triadic semiotics in order to develop a biosemiotic theory of life that is capable of illuminating the function of information in living systems. Specifically, I...
Article in Journal | Posted 03/11/2014
Thellefsen, Torkild, Sørensen, Bent, Thellefsen, Martin (2014). The information concept of Nicholas Belkin revisited – some semeiotic comments
Purpose – The purpose of the paper is to examine and compare Nicholas Belkin's information concept and his concept of communication with the authors' semeiotic inspired communication model...
Manuscript | Posted 17/09/2014
Peirce, Charles S. (1906 [c.]). Numeration. MS [R] 48

Robin Catalogue:
A. MS., n.p., n.d., pp. 1-20, with 44 pp., some of which belong to different drafts but many of which are rejected pages.
Definitions of “number” and “series.”...