Retroduction

Keyword: Retroduction


Article in Journal | Posted 17/04/2017
Thompson, Bruce (2016). Deductively Valid, Inductively Valid, and Retroductively Valid Syllogisms
Charles S. Peirce suggested that a formal distinction between his three types of argumentation, deduction, induction, and retroduction, could be drawn using syllogistic figures. However, he never...
Article in Journal | Posted 26/02/2016
Pietarinen, Ahti-Veikko, Bellucci, Francesco (2014). New Light on Peirce’s Conceptions of Retroduction, Deduction, and Scientific Reasoning
We examine Charles S. Peirce’s mature views on the logic of science, especially as contained in his later and still mostly unpublished writings (1907–1914). We focus on two main issues. The first...
Dictionary Entry | Posted 19/10/2015
Quote from "Suggestions for a Course of Entretiens leading up through Philosophy to the Questions of Spiritualism, Ghosts, and finally to that of Religion"

Retroduction is the passage of the mind from something observed or attentively considered to the representation of a state of things that may explain it....

Dictionary Entry | Posted 19/10/2015
Quote from "Reasoning [R]"

Retroductive reasoning is the only one of the three which produces any new idea. It originates a theory.

Dictionary Entry | Posted 13/10/2015
Quote from "Pragmatism"

Retroduction, or that process whereby from a surprising array of facts we are led to a conjectural theory to account for them. Many logicians refuse to...

Manuscript | Posted 05/09/2015
Peirce, Charles S. (1906). The Argument for Pragmatism anachazomenally or recessively stated. MS [R] 330

Robin Catalogue:
A. MS., n.p., n.d., 1 folded sheet; plus 5 other folded sheets which, although lacking a title or mark, seem to be connected with the first.
The argument stated...

Dictionary Entry | Posted 26/08/2015
Quote from "Logic: Fragments [R]"

There are three stages of inquiry, demanding as many different kinds of reasoning governed by different principles. They are,

1, Retroduction, forming an...

Manuscript | Posted 26/11/2014
Peirce, Charles S. (1909). Meaning Preface. MS [R] 637

Robin Catalogue:
A. MS., n.p., October 3-13, 1909, pp. 9-36, 27-30, 28-29, 31-36.
Tendency to guess right (but not necessarily on the first guess). Pure logic supports the...

Dictionary Entry | Posted 12/03/2013
Quote from "Letter to J. H. Kehler"

I am unable yet quite to prove that the three kinds of reasoning I mean are the only kinds of sound reasoning; though I can show reason to think that it can be proved, and ...

Dictionary Entry | Posted 12/03/2013
Quote from "Letter to J. H. Kehler"

Skipping a great deal, I now take up the third great class of Reasonings, which I call Retroductions. [—] By the third class of reasonings one only infers that a certain...

Dictionary Entry | Posted 12/03/2013
Quote from "Letter to J. H. Kehler"

I consider Retroduction (a poor name) to be the most important kind of reasoning, notwithstanding its very unreliable nature, because it is the only kind of reasoning that opens up new ground...

Dictionary Entry | Posted 12/03/2013
Quote from "A Logical Criticism of the Articles of Religious Belief"

By Retroduction I mean that kind of reasoning by which, upon finding ourselves confronted by a state of things that, taken by itself, seems almost or quite incomprehensible...

Manuscript | Posted 12/03/2013
Peirce, Charles S. (1911). A Logical Criticism of the Articles of Religious Belief. MS [R] 856

From the Robin Catalogue:
A. MS., n.p., 2 pp. of one of the alternative sections are dated April 5 and 7, 1911, pp. 1-18, with several alternative sections.
The contempt for...

Dictionary Entry | Posted 12/03/2013
Quote from "A Neglected Argument for the Reality of God (G)"

… Another question to be noted for later consideration is whether this first step in inquiry can conclude, if it can be called “concluding,” otherwise than in the interrogative mood, if...

Dictionary Entry | Posted 12/03/2013
Quote from "A Neglected Argument for the Reality of God (G)"

Retroduction and Induction face opposite ways. The function of retroduction is not unlike those fortuitous variations in reproduction which played so important a rôle in Darwin’s original...

Dictionary Entry | Posted 12/03/2013
Quote from "Cambridge Lectures on Reasoning and the Logic of Things: Philosophy and the Conduct of Life"

Reasoning is of three kinds. The first is necessary, but it only professes to give us information concerning the matter of our own hypotheses and distinctly declares that, if we want to know...

Dictionary Entry | Posted 12/03/2013
Quote from "Cambridge Lectures on Reasoning and the Logic of Things: Types of Reasoning"

… the second figure reads:

Anything of the nature of M would have the character {p}, taken haphazard,
S has the character {p};
.·. Provisionally, we may suppose S to be of the...

Dictionary Entry | Posted 12/03/2013
Quote from "Cambridge Lectures on Reasoning and the Logic of Things: Types of Reasoning"

This probable reasoning in the second figure is, I apprehend, what Aristotle meant by {apagögé}. There are strong reasons for believing that in the chapter on the subject in the Prior Analytics,...

Dictionary Entry | Posted 12/03/2013
Quote from "Cambridge Lectures on Reasoning and the Logic of Things: Types of Reasoning"

We see three types of reasoning. The first figure empraces all Deduction whether necessary of probable. [—] The third figure is Induction by means of which we ascertain how often in the ordinary...

Dictionary Entry | Posted 12/03/2013
Quote from "Cambridge Lectures on Reasoning and the Logic of Things: The First Rule of Logic"

As for retroduction, it is itself an experiment. A retroductive research is an experimental research; and when we look upon Induction and Deduction from the point of view of Experiment and...

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