The Commens Dictionary

Quote from ‘On the System of Existential Graphs Considered as an Instrument for the Investigation of Logic’


…a sign is a something which is on the one hand caused or otherwise determined by something else which is not utterly and altogether unreal, – this something else being the object of the sign. When I say that the object is not altogether unreal, I mean this. If a thing has whatever characters it has utterly regardless of what any men existing either now or at any assignable future date may opine that its characters are, that thing is, by definition, perfectly real. But in so far as it is whatever the thinker may think it to be, it is unreal. Now I say that the object of a sign must resist in some measure any tendency it may have to be as the thinker thinks it. [—]

The object is the sign’s determinant

1906 [c.]
MS [R] 499
‘Object’ (pub. 24.08.17-12:12). Quote in M. Bergman & S. Paavola (Eds.), The Commens Dictionary: Peirce's Terms in His Own Words. New Edition. Retrieved from
Aug 24, 2017, 12:12 by Mats Bergman
Last revised: 
Aug 24, 2017, 12:21 by Mats Bergman