The Commens Dictionary

Quote from ‘The Rationale of Reasoning’


I call anything “real” be it anything asserted, or imagined, or conceived, or any element of such assertion, image, or concept, or of whatever other sort it may be, if, and only if, it possesses characters which it would possess, just the same, whether […] you or I, or anybody else, or everybody living during any limits of time, opines, fancies, or otherwise thinks it possesses them, or not. Almost everybody and everything possesses some characters that are not of this description.

MS [R] 663:5-6
‘Real’ (pub. 08.09.15-00:07). Quote in M. Bergman & S. Paavola (Eds.), The Commens Dictionary: Peirce's Terms in His Own Words. New Edition. Retrieved from
Sep 08, 2015, 00:07 by Mats Bergman