The Commens Dictionary

Quote from ‘Logic of Mathematics: An attempt to develop my categories from within’


There are different kinds of existence. There is the existence of physical actions, there is the existence of psychical volitions, there is the existence of all time, there is the existence of the present, there is the existence of material things, there is the existence of the creations of one of Shakespeare’s plays, and, for aught we know, there may be another creation with a space and time of its own in which things may exist. Each kind of existence consists in having a place among the total collection of such a universe. It consists in being a second to any object in such universe taken as first. It is not time and space which produce this character. It is rather this character which for its realization calls for something like time and space.

1896 [c.]
CP 1.433
‘Existence’ (pub. 29.05.14-15:46). Quote in M. Bergman & S. Paavola (Eds.), The Commens Dictionary: Peirce's Terms in His Own Words. New Edition. Retrieved from
May 29, 2014, 15:46 by Mats Bergman
Last revised: 
May 29, 2014, 15:48 by Mats Bergman