The Commens Dictionary

Quote from ‘The List of Categories: A Second Essay’


It is to be noted that existence is an affair of blind force. “The very hyssop that grows on the wall exists in that chink because the whole universe could not prevent it.” No law determines any atom to exist. Existence is presence in some experiential universe – whether the universe of material things now existing, or that of laws, or that of phenomena, or that of feelings – and this presence implies that each existing thing is in dynamical reaction with every other in that universe. Existence, therefore, is dyadic; though Being is monadic.

1894 [c.]
CP 1.329
‘Existence’ (pub. 29.05.14-14:27). Quote in M. Bergman & S. Paavola (Eds.), The Commens Dictionary: Peirce's Terms in His Own Words. New Edition. Retrieved from
May 29, 2014, 14:27 by Mats Bergman
Last revised: 
Jul 23, 2015, 18:11 by Commens Admin