The Commens Dictionary

Quote from ‘Letters to Mario Calderoni’


That mode of being which we call existence, the reaction of everything in the universe against every other, the crowding out of a place for itself, acting most on things near, less on things far, but brutally insisting on a place is Secundan. I say “brutally”, because no law, so far as we know, makes any single object to exist. Law only determines in what way things shall behave, once they do exist.

MS [R] L67
Editorial Annotations: 

This passage has been obtained from the transcription provided by the Peirce Study Group at the University of Navarra

‘Existence’ (pub. 19.03.18-10:30). Quote in M. Bergman & S. Paavola (Eds.), The Commens Dictionary: Peirce's Terms in His Own Words. New Edition. Retrieved from
Mar 19, 2018, 10:30 by Mats Bergman