The Commens Dictionary

Quote from ‘Evolutionary Love’


Three modes of evolution have thus been brought before us: evolution by fortuitous variation, evolution by mechanical necessity, and evolution by creative love. We may term them tychastic evolution, or tychasm, anancastic evolution, or anancasm, and agapastic evolution, or agapasm. The doctrines which represent these as severally of principal importance we may term tychasticism, anancasticism, and agapasticism. On the other hand the mere propositions that absolute chance, mechanical necessity, and the law of love are severally operative in the cosmos may receive the names of tychism, anancism, and agapism.

All three modes of evolution are composed of the same general elements. Agapasm exhibits them the most clearly. [—] Just so, tychasm and anancasm are degenerate forms of agapasm.

CP 6.302-303
‘Anancasm’ (pub. 04.01.13-15:12). Quote in M. Bergman & S. Paavola (Eds.), The Commens Dictionary: Peirce's Terms in His Own Words. New Edition. Retrieved from
Jan 04, 2013, 15:12 by Sami Paavola
Last revised: 
Oct 22, 2015, 10:47 by Mats Bergman