The Commens Dictionary

Quote from ‘C.S.P.'s Lowell Lectures of 1903 2nd Draught of 3rd Lecture’


The second element is directly experienced in our sense of being here, in our sense of present fact, which is the experience of actual reaction with a non-ego. It consists in anything’s being that which another makes it to be here and now. I give to this element of doubleness the name of Secondness. Besides […] directly experiencing it, we regard outward objects as compelling one another, as exerting force upon one another.

MS [R] 462:76
‘Secondness’ (pub. 25.11.14-18:35). Quote in M. Bergman & S. Paavola (Eds.), The Commens Dictionary: Peirce's Terms in His Own Words. New Edition. Retrieved from
Nov 25, 2014, 18:35 by Mats Bergman